Постановка ритма при чтении и разговоре по-английски. Упражнение 5
Задание для постановки навыка ритмичности (техника shadow reading). Методика выполнения: надо одновременно читать текст, слушать соответствующую аудиозапись и повторять вслух. Скорость при этом довольно высокая и качество произношения может от этого страдать, но это не важно. В этом задании надо сконцентрироваться на соблюдении ритма.
How the U.S. Dollar Became the World's Reserve Currency.
The first U.S. dollar, as it is known today, was printed in 1914 upon the creation of the Federal Reserve Bank. Less than six decades later, the dollar officially became the world’s reserve currency. However, its ascendancy to the throne began not long after the ink was dry on that first printing.
The Birth of the U.S. Dollar
The Federal Reserve Bank was created by the Federal Reserve Act of 1913 in response to the unreliability and instability of a currency system based on bank notes issued by individual banks. At that time, the U.S. economy had overtaken Britain’s as the world’s largest, but Britain was still the center of world commerce, with much of it transacted in British pounds. Also at that time, most of the developed countries pegged their currencies to gold to create stability in currency exchanges. However, when World War I broke out in 1914, many countries abandoned the gold standard to be able to pay their military expenses with paper money, which devalued their currencies.